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Cumberland, Vancouver Island, BC
Dunsmuir, Cumberland's main street.
Cumberland - known locally as the "Village by the Forest" - is nestled
at the foot of the Beaufort Mountain Range about 10 km inland of the east
coast of Vancouver Island. Cumberland, along with the city of Courtenay,
the town of Comox, and the unincorporated settlements of Royston, Union
Bay, Fanny Bay, Black Creek and Merville are collectively referred to as
the Comox Valley.
In 1852, coal was discovered in the area of the Comox Valley that was
to become Cumberland.
A few years later a group of prospectors, drawn by the Provincial Government's
offer of 100 acres of coal land for every $1,000 invested in coal development,
organized the Union Company, from which the early settlement took it's first
name - Union.
By 1891 a large volume of high grade coal was being mined at Union and
being delivered the short distance by rail to the east coast of Vancouver
Island at a point around which the community of Union Bay began to grow.
As the settlement near the mining site grew, Union was renamed Cumberland,
after the coal rich English County, and was incorporated in 1897.
Although coal mining petered out in the middle of the 20th century, much
remains of the community's mining heritage, the history of which is amply
reflected by the Cumberland Museum
While the Comox Valley in general enjoys short, mild winters and warm,
dry summers, winter in Cumberland will more often include some snowfall
because Cumberland is at a higher elevation than other communities in the
The Inland Island Highway ( BC highway #19 ) which connects the Comox
Valley with Nanaimo and Victoria to the south, and to Campbell River to the
north, runs through the outskirts of Cumberland.
The BC Ferries terminal at Little River on the Comox Peninsula connects
Vancouver Island to Powell River on the BC Mainland.
Comox Regional Airport (YQQ) is the arrival point for direct flights
from Vancouver, Calgary and Edmonton.
BC Transit operates a local bus service connecting Cumberland with
the rest of the Comox Valley.
The Comox Valley has something for everyone: culture,
scenic beauty, numerous outdoor recreational opportunities, mild climate
and a relaxed lifestyle are all here to enjoy.
Village of Cumberland
Area: 7.74 km²
Founded Mid 1800s
Population: 2,732 (2001)
Population density: 353.0/km²
Time zone: Pacific: UTC -8